Linseed

Linseed

Scientific name: Linum usitatissimum L.

Bangla/Local Name: ‘Tisi’, ‘Masina’

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxonomic Position (According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom : Plantae
Phylum : Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Subclass : Rosidae
Order : Euphorbiales
Family : Linaceae
Genus : Linnum
Species : L. usitatissimum
   

Botanical Description of Linseed

Habit: Annual herb

Linseed fieldLinseed

Stem: Erect, glabrous, 60-120 cm height, branches ascending towards the apex.

Leaf: Alternate, simple, narrow, linear-lanceolate, exstipulate

Inflorescence: Scorpiod cyme

Flower: Regular, hermaphrodite, hypoynous

DSC08052 (2)Linseed flower

Calyx: Sepal 5, persistent, aestivation quincuncial

Corolla: Petal 5, polypetalous,

Androecium: Stamen 10 arranged in two whorls

Gynoecium: Carpel 5, syncarpous, ovary superior

Fruit: Capsule

Seed: Flat, shining

Linseedseed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chromosome number: 2n= 30

Economic Importance

Seeds produce edible oil, which has some medicinal values, the oilcake is used as cattle feed. Fiber is also produced from the stem, used for cloth, ropes etc.

Linseed variety released by BARI

LINSEED VARIETY OF TISI: Nila

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