Family Apiaceae

Family: Apiaceae

Conserved name: Umbelliferae

Popular name: the Carrot Family

Taxonomic Position (According to Cronquist)

 Kingdom              : Plantae

Division                : Magnoliophyta

Class                     : Magnoliopsida

Subclass                : Rosidae

Order                    :Apiales

Family                  : Apiaceae


Identifying Characters of the Family


  1. Herbaceous habit
  2. Presence of decompound leaf
  3. Aromatic herbs with hollow stems
  4. Leaves compound with sheathing base
  5. Inflorescence simple or compound umbell
  6. Fruit schizocarp or mericarp


Origin and Distribution


This is the biggest family of angiosperm, containing one-tenth of the total number of flowering plants. The family comprises over 800 genera and about 14,000 species.


Table 1. Economic Important Plants of this Family


Serial Number English name Bangla name/ Local name Scientific Name Plant Parts Used Economic Importance
1 Coriander Dhone Coriandrum sativum Fruit Spices
2 Wild coriander Bon Dhone Eryngium foetidum Leaf Spices
3 Dill Sulfa Anethum graveolens Fruit Spices
4 Fennel Pan Mouri Foeniculum vulgare Fruit Spices
5 Not known Radhuni Trachyspermum burghianum Spices
6 Ajowan Caraway Not known T. ammi Fruit Spices and scent
7 Cumin Zira Cuminum cyminum Fruit Spices
8 Carrot Gazor Daucas carota Root Vegetables

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