Bottle Gourd

Bottle Gourd

English name: Bottle gourd

Scientific name: Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.

Local name: লাউ (‘Lau’)/ কদু

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

 

Kingdom :Plantae
Division : Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Sub-class : Dilleniidae
Order : Violales
Family :Cucurbitaceae
Genus : Lagenaria
Species :L. siceraria

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Economic importance: The leaf and twig are used leafy vegetables. Young and tender fruits are used as vegetable. The ripe hard fruit-shells are used as bottles, pipes, blowing horns and snuff boxes. The shells are also used for making musical instruments. The fruit-pulp is considered emetic, purgative, cooling and diuretic. The seed oil is applied externally in headache.

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Table 1. Bottle gourd varieties developed by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU) Gazipur, Bangladesh

Sl. No. Name of variety Developed by Year of release Growing season Average yield

(t ha-1)

1 BARI Lau-1 HRC, BARI 1996 Throughout the year 42-45
2 BARI Lau-2 HRC, BARI 2006 Throughout the year 55-60
3 BARI Lau-3 HRC, BARI 2010 Throughout the year 62
4 BARI Lau-4 HRC, BARI 2010 Throughout the year 80-85

5

BARI Lau-5 HRC, BARI 2017 Throughout the year 48-50
6 BARI Shita Lau-1 HRC, BARI 2010 Throughout the year 82
7  BU Lau 1  BSMRAU  2016  –  –
 8 BU hybrid lau 1  BSMRAU  2016  –  –

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