Indian Spinach

Indian Spinach

Scientific name: Basella alba L.

Bangla/local name: ‘Puishak’


Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Caryophyllalase


Family Basellaceae


Genus Basella
Species B. alba



Botanical Description of Indian Spinach

Habit: Perennial fleshy twining herb


Root: Tap root

Stem: Much branched fleshy twiner

Leaf: Simple, fleshy, petiolate, alternate


Inflorescence: Raceme or spike on a long peduncle

Flower: Actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, regular, Carpel 3, syncarpous, ovary superior.


Fruit: Berry

Table 1.:  Indian spinach varieties developed by HRC, BARI

Serial Number Name of variety Released by Year of Release Planting time Yield


1 BARI Puisak-1 HRC, BARI 1999 Year round 50-75
2 BARI Puisak-2 HRC, BARI 2006 Kharif season 50-75


Economic Importance

Used as vegetable


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