Asteraceae

Family: Asteraceae

Conserved name of the family: Compositae

Popular name of the family: The Sunflower Family

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The family Asteraceae is the biggest among the families in angiosperm. It comprises 1100 genera and nearly 20000 species, and is distributed throughout the world. In Bangladesh, around 71 genera and 130 species are found to be grown.

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Taxonomic Position (According to Cronquist system)

Kingdom        : Plantae

Division          : Magnoliophyta

Class               : Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Asteridae

Order              : Asterales

Family              : Asterceae

 

Table 1 Common economic important crops of this family

 

Common name Bangla name Botanical name Usable plant parts Economic importance
Sunflower Surjamukhi Helienthus anus Seeds Edible oil
Safflower Tishi Carthamus tinctorius Seeds Edible oil
Niger  Guzitil Guizotia abyssinica Seeds Edible oil
Marygold Gada Tagetesspp. Flower Ornamental
Dahlia Dhalia Dahlia pinnata flower Ornamental
Zinnia Zinia Zinnia spp. Flower Ornamental
Cosmos Cosmos Cosmos bipinnatus Flower Ornamental
Aster Not known Aster amellus  Flower Ornamental
Lettuce Lettuce Lactuca sativa Shoot vegetable
Arnica Arnica Arnica montana Whole plant Medicinal
Daisy Daisy Chrysanthimum coronarium Flower Ornamental

 

 

 

 

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