Amaranthaceae

Family: Amaranthacaeae

Taxonomic position of the family (according to Cronquist)

Kingdom                     :Plantae

Division                       :Magnoliophyta

Class                            :Magnoliopsida

Order                           :Caryophyllalase

Family                         : Amaranthaceae


Identifying characters of the family

  • Generally herb
  • Inflorescence is spike
  • Flowers are small having bract or bracteole
  • Perianth is membranous and shiny
  • Fruits are generally nutlet
  • Seed color is black and shiny

 

Botanical Description of the Family

Habit: Many of them are generally annual herb.

Root: Tap root, soft.

Stem: Soft, angular or cylindrical, spinous or glabrous.

Leaf: Simple, margin entire, alternate, petiolate, reticulated venation.

Inflorescence: Simple or compound spike.

Flower: Bisexual, small, actinomorphic, pentamerous.

Perianth: Tepal 5, persistent, aestivation imbricate.

Androecium: Stamen 5.

Gynoecium: Carpel 2-3, syncarpous, ovary superior, placentation basal.

Fruit: Nutlet, sometime berry.

 

Table 1.  Economically important plant of this family

 

Serial NumberBangla nameEnglish nameScientific namePlant parts usedUsefulness
1Data shakAmaranthus gangeticusWhole plantsVegetable
2Note shakA.     viridisshootvegetable
3Lal note shakA.     tricolorshootvegetable


Economic importance

Amaranths are cultivated as leafy vegetable or ornamental plants throughout the world.

 

Table 2. Amaranthus varieties developed by HRC, BARI

 

Serial NumberName of varietyReleased byYear of ReleasePlanting timeYield

(t/ha)

1BARI lalshak-1HRC, BARI1996Year round12-14
2BARI-Sabuj Datashak-1HRC, BARI2006Year round10-12
3BARI-Danta-1 (Laboni)HRC, BARI1999Year round35-40

 

Indian Spinach

Scientific name: Basella alba

Table 3. Indian spinach varieties developed by HRC, BARI

Serial NumberName of varietyReleased byYear of ReleasePlanting timeYield

(t/ha)

1BARI Puisak-1HRC, BARI1999Year round50-75
2BARI Puisak-2HRC, BARI2006Kharif season50-75

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.