Amaranthaceae

Family: Amaranthacaeae

Taxonomic position of the family (according to Cronquist)

Kingdom                     :Plantae

Division                       :Magnoliophyta

Class                            :Magnoliopsida

Order                           :Caryophyllalase

Family                         : Amaranthaceae


Identifying characters of the family

  • Generally herb
  • Inflorescence is spike
  • Flowers are small having bract or bracteole
  • Perianth is membranous and shiny
  • Fruits are generally nutlet
  • Seed color is black and shiny

 

Botanical Description of the Family

Habit: Many of them are generally annual herb.

Root: Tap root, soft.

Stem: Soft, angular or cylindrical, spinous or glabrous.

Leaf: Simple, margin entire, alternate, petiolate, reticulated venation.

Inflorescence: Simple or compound spike.

Flower: Bisexual, small, actinomorphic, pentamerous.

Perianth: Tepal 5, persistent, aestivation imbricate.

Androecium: Stamen 5.

Gynoecium: Carpel 2-3, syncarpous, ovary superior, placentation basal.

Fruit: Nutlet, sometime berry.

 

Table 1.  Economically important plant of this family

 

Serial Number Bangla name English name Scientific name Plant parts used Usefulness
1 Data shak Amaranthus gangeticus Whole plants Vegetable
2 Note shak A.     viridis shoot vegetable
3 Lal note shak A.     tricolor shoot vegetable


Economic importance

Amaranths are cultivated as leafy vegetable or ornamental plants throughout the world.

 

Table 2. Amaranthus varieties developed by HRC, BARI

 

Serial Number Name of variety Released by Year of Release Planting time Yield

(t/ha)

1 BARI lalshak-1 HRC, BARI 1996 Year round 12-14
2 BARI-Sabuj Datashak-1 HRC, BARI 2006 Year round 10-12
3 BARI-Danta-1 (Laboni) HRC, BARI 1999 Year round 35-40

 

Indian Spinach

Scientific name: Basella alba

Table 3. Indian spinach varieties developed by HRC, BARI

Serial Number Name of variety Released by Year of Release Planting time Yield

(t/ha)

1 BARI Puisak-1 HRC, BARI 1999 Year round 50-75
2 BARI Puisak-2 HRC, BARI 2006 Kharif season 50-75

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