Poaceae/Gramineae Family

Family: Poaceae

Conserved name of the family: Gramineae

Popular name of the family: Grass family

Taxonomic position (according to Cronquist, 1981)

Kingdom         : Plantae

Division           : Magnoliophyta

Class                : Liliopsida

Subclass          : Commelinidae

Order               : Poales

Family             : Poaceae

 Identifying characters of the family

  1. Stem round cylindrical,  solid node with  hollow internode, and the stem is called culm
  2. Auricle and ligule present at the junction of leaf blade and leaf sheath
  • Bracts are glume (lemma and palea)
  1. Lodicle (unit of perianth) present
  2. Fruit is caryopsis
  3. Sigma feathery bi-lobed

Table 1.  Crop species of Poaceae family with their common, scientific and their usual plant parts

Serial number Bangla name English name Scientific name Plant parts used Usefulness
1 Dhan Rice/ paddy Oryza sativa Seed Food
2 Gom Wheat Triticum aestivum Seed Food
3 Bhutta Maize Zea mays Seed Food and fodder
4 Barley Barley Hordium vulgare Seed Food
5 Oat Oat Avena sativa Seed Food
6 Ikkuh Sugar cane Saccharum officinarum Stem Sugar
7 Millet Millet Setaria italica seed Food
8 Sorghum Sorghum Sorghum vulgare Seed Food
9 Bajra Pear millet Pennisetum typhoides Seed Food
10 Rye Rye Secale cereale Seed Food
11 Finger millet Finger millet
Eleusine coracana
Seed Food
12 Foxtail millet  Foxtail Millet Setaria italica Seed Food
13 Bash Bamboo Bambusa tulda Stem Household things
14 Lebu ghash Lemon grass Cymbopogon nardus Leaf Spices
15 Lebu ghash Lemon grass Cymbopogon citronella Leaf Spices




Family: Lamiaceae

Family: Lamiaceae

Popular name: The Mint Family

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae

Botanical Description of the Family

Habit: Mostly herb, however under shrub and rarely trees are found

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Stem generally quadrangular in transverse section, usually covered with trichome and glands

Leaf: Simple, opposite, rarely whorl in phyllotaxy, exstipulate

Inflorescence: Verticillaster, racemose, capitate or panicle

Flower: Mostly zygomorphic, hermaphrodite, bracteates

Calyx: persistent, more or less regular or unequal 4-5 toothed

Corolla: Corolla tube sometimes with a ring of hairs

Androecium: Stamens usually four and didynamous

Gynoecium: Ovary superior, carpel 2, syncarpous

Fruit: Schizocarp

Family Basellaceae

Family Basellaceae

Taxonomic Position according to Cronquist

Kingdom                     :Plantae

Division                       :Magnoliophyta

Class                            :Magnoliopsida

Subclass                      :Caryophyllidae

Order                           :Caryophyllalase

Family                         :Basellaceae

Table 1. : Crop plant species under Basellaceae family

Serial Number English name Bangla/local name Scientific name Plant parts use Usefulness
1 Indian spinach Puishak Basella alba


Young shoot Vegetable
2 Srilangkan spinach Puishak A.     rubra Young shoot Vegetable


Family Fabaceae

Family                        : Fabaceae

Conserved name        : Leguminosae

Popular name            : The Pea or Bean Family

Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist)

Kingdom         : Plantae
           : Magnoliophyta
Class                :Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order               : Fabales
Family             : Fabacaeae

Previously, the family Leguminosae was divided into three sub-family e.g. Papilionaceae, Caesalpinaceae and Mimosaceae. Now these three sub-families are recognized as independent family (Cronquist), and Papilonaceae is regarded as Fabaceae family. However, the Leguminosae family is also called Fabaceae family.

Identifying Characters of the Family


  1. Root bears nodule
  2. Fruit is legume
  3. Presence of compound leaf
  4. Pistill looks  like a sword
  5. Androecium mona/dia delphous
  6. Ovary monocarpellary, marginal placentation

   Table 1. Economic Important Plants of Fabaceae Family

Serial Number English name Bangla name Botanical name Economic Importance
1 Ground nut Badam Arachis hypozea Used as pulse, oil
2 Chickpea Chola, boot Cicer arietinum Used as pulse
3 Pigeonpea Arharaya Cajanus cajan Used as pulse
4 Soybean Soyabean Glycine max Used as pulse oil and soya cake
5 Lentil Masur Lens culinaris Used as pulse
6 Grass pea Kheshari Lathyrus sativus Used as pulse
7 Pea, garden pea Motor, motor-shuti Pisum sativum L. Used as pulse
8 Black gram Mashkalai Vigna mungo Used as pulse
9 Faba bean Barashim, bakla Vicia faba Used as pulse
10 Yard long bean Vigna sinensis Used as pulse
11 Mung bean Mugkalai Vigna radiata Used as pulse
12 Alfalfa Lasan Medicago sativa L. Used as fodder
13 Sunhemp Shon pat, Ghati Crotolaria juncea Used as fodder and fiber
14 Butterfly pea Aparajita Clitoria ternatea Used as ornamental
15 Indigo Nil Indigofera indica Used as dye
16 Medicago Halud lupin Medicago lupulina L. Grazing purpose
17 Scarlet runner bean Not known Phaseolus coccineus vegetable
18 French bean Farashi bean Phaseolus vulgaris Vegetable and fodder
19 Not known Choto motor Pisum arvense Pulse and fodder
20 Winged bean Kamranga shim, corolla shim Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Vegetable and fodder
21 Sesbania Dhaincha Sesbania bisponosa Green manure
22 Not known Bakful Sesbania grandiflora Vegetable and fodder
23 Yard-long bean boroboti Vigna unguiculata Important pulse
24 Rice bean Not known Vigna umbellata (Thunb) Vegetable and fodder
25 Bush bean Bush bean  
26 Fenugreek Methi Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Spices and vegetable
27 Lablab Sheem Lablab purpureus Vegetable