Scientific name: Hylocereus undatus
Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)
Botanical Description of Dragon Fruit
Roots: Aerial roots allow this species to climb upwards. In nature, this species grows on top of trees or rocks.
Stems: Fleshy, angular stems have 3 wings up to 5 cm wide and scalloped margins.
Flowers: Fragrant, whitish to greenish-yellow flowers (25-35 cm long, 30 cm wide) are composed of numerous white- or yellow-tipped stamens and a large stigma with a star-shaped tip. They open at night and close shortly after daybreak.
Fruits: Oval to oblong fruits the edible, sweet white flesh contains numerous, black seeds which are also edible.
Table 1.: Dragon fruit variety developed by BAU and BARI
|Sl. No.||Name of Variety||Developed by||Year of Release||Planting time||Yield (t/ha)|
|1||FTIP-BAU Dragon Fal-1 (white)||GPC, BAU||2010||May-August||20-25|
|2||FTIP-BAU Dragon Fal-2 (Red)||GPC, BAU||2010||May-August||20-25|
|3||FTIP-BAU Dragon Fal-3(Yellow)||GPC, BAU||2010||May-August||20-25|
|BARI Dragon Fruit-1||BARI||2014||May- June||20.6-30.5|