Family Cucurbitaceae

Popular name- Gourd family

Origin and Distribution

The family Cucurbitaceae consists of about 110 genera and 700 species, widespread in tropical and subtropical regions. In Bangladesh, this family is represented by 21 genera and 39 species.

Taxonomic Position (According to Cronquist)

Kingdom              : Plantae

Division                : Magnoliophyta

Class                     : Magnoliopsida

Sub-class              : Dilleniidae

Order                    : Violales

Family                  :Cucurbitaceae

 

Table 1. Economic important plants of Cucurbitaceae family

 

Serial       

No.

 

Bangla name/local name English name Scientific name Usefullness

 

 

1 Khira, Shasha. Cucumber Cucumis sativus L. Vegetable
2 Chichinga. Snake gourd

 

Trichosanthes anguina L. Vegetable
3 Lau, Kodu, Bottle gourd

 

Lagenaria vulgaris Seringe Vegetable
4 Chalkumra. White gourd

 

Benincasa hispida Vegetable
5 Mistikumra, Pumpkin

 

Cucurbita maxima Duch. Vegetable
6 Karala. Bitter gourd Momordica charantia L. Vegetable
7 Dhundul,

 

Sponge gourd

 

Luffa cylindrica Vegetable
8 Jhinga Ribbed gourd

 

Luffa acutangula Vegetable
9 Potol Pointed gourd Trichosanthus diocia Vegetable
10 Kakrol Teasel gourd Momordica cochinchinensis

 

 


Vegetable
11 Bangi Melon Cucumis melo Vegetable
12 Tormuz Water melon Citrullus lanatus Dessert