Family Fabaceae

Family                        : Fabaceae

Conserved name        : Leguminosae

Popular name            : The Pea or Bean Family

Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist)

Kingdom         : Plantae
Division
           : Magnoliophyta
Class                :Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order               : Fabales
Family             : Fabacaeae

Previously, the family Leguminosae was divided into three sub-family e.g. Papilionaceae, Caesalpinaceae and Mimosaceae. Now these three sub-families are recognized as independent family (Cronquist), and Papilonaceae is regarded as Fabaceae family. However, the Leguminosae family is also called Fabaceae family.

Identifying Characters of the Family

 

  1. Root bears nodule
  2. Fruit is legume
  3. Presence of compound leaf
  4. Pistill looks  like a sword
  5. Androecium mona/dia delphous
  6. Ovary monocarpellary, marginal placentation

   Table 1. Economic Important Plants of Fabaceae Family

Serial Number English name Bangla name Botanical name Economic Importance
1 Ground nut Badam Arachis hypozea Used as pulse, oil
2 Chickpea Chola, boot Cicer arietinum Used as pulse
3 Pigeonpea Arharaya Cajanus cajan Used as pulse
4 Soybean Soyabean Glycine max Used as pulse oil and soya cake
5 Lentil Masur Lens culinaris Used as pulse
6 Grass pea Kheshari Lathyrus sativus Used as pulse
7 Pea, garden pea Motor, motor-shuti Pisum sativum L. Used as pulse
8 Black gram Mashkalai Vigna mungo Used as pulse
9 Faba bean Barashim, bakla Vicia faba Used as pulse
10 Yard long bean Vigna sinensis Used as pulse
11 Mung bean Mugkalai Vigna radiata Used as pulse
12 Alfalfa Lasan Medicago sativa L. Used as fodder
13 Sunhemp Shon pat, Ghati Crotolaria juncea Used as fodder and fiber
14 Butterfly pea Aparajita Clitoria ternatea Used as ornamental
15 Indigo Nil Indigofera indica Used as dye
16 Medicago Halud lupin Medicago lupulina L. Grazing purpose
17 Scarlet runner bean Not known Phaseolus coccineus vegetable
18 French bean Farashi bean Phaseolus vulgaris Vegetable and fodder
19 Not known Choto motor Pisum arvense Pulse and fodder
20 Winged bean Kamranga shim, corolla shim Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Vegetable and fodder
21 Sesbania Dhaincha Sesbania bisponosa Green manure
22 Not known Bakful Sesbania grandiflora Vegetable and fodder
23 Yard-long bean boroboti Vigna unguiculata Important pulse
24 Rice bean Not known Vigna umbellata (Thunb) Vegetable and fodder
25 Bush bean Bush bean  
26 Fenugreek Methi Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Spices and vegetable
27 Lablab Sheem Lablab purpureus Vegetable

 

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