Family: Rutaceae

Family: Rutaceae

Popular name: The orange family/Rue family

Taxonomic Position (According to Cronquist)

Kingdom        : Plantae

Division          : Magnoliophyta

Class               : Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order              : Sapindales

Family             : Rutaceae

Identifying characters of the family

  1. Plants predominantly tree or shrub
  2. Leaves are exsitpulated with winged petiole and gland dotted
  3. Flowers bisexual, regular with a large honey disc present below the ovar
  4. Fruits are hesperidium
  5. Polyembryony is a common feature

Origin and Distribution

The family is widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions having 120 genera and about 1200 species.

 Table Economic Important Plants of this Family

Serial Number English name Bangla name Scientific name Economic Importance
1 Mandarin orange Kamala Citrus reticulata Dessert fruit
2 Sweet orange Multa C. sinensis Dessert fruit
3 Lime Kaggi lebu C. aurantifolia Appetizer
4 Pomelo Jambura C. grandis Dessert fruit
5 Lemon Pati labu C. limon (L.) Burm.f. Appetizer
6 Amanatsu Not known C. natsudaidai Dessert fruit
7 Balady citron
Israel citron
Not known C. medica Dessert fruit
8 Bergamot orange Not known C. bergamia Dessert fruit
9 Grape fruit Not known Citrus × paradisi Dessert fruit
10 Sour orange Not known Citrus × aurantium Dessert fruit
11 Blood orange Not known Citrus × sinensis Dessert fruit
12 Clementine Not known Citrus reticulata Dessert fruit
13 Wood apple Bel Aegle marmelos Dessert fruit
14 Ruta Ruta Ruta graveolens Dessert fruit

 

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