Lentil

Lentil

Scientific name: Lens culinaris Medik.

Bangla/Local Name: ‘Mashur’

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom : Plantae
Division : Magnoliophyta
Class  :Magnoliopsida
Subclass : Rosidae
Order   : Fabales
Family : Fabacaeae
Genus : Lens
Species : L. culinaris

 

Botanical Description of Lentil

Habit: Annual herb

Root: Tap root system

IMG_9718

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Lentil root

Figure: Root Anatomy of Lentil

Stem: Erect or sub-erect, slender, square cover with hairs

Lentil stem

Figure: Stem Anatomy of Lentil

Leaf: Pinnate with four to eight pairs of leaf-let and usually ending in a tendril. Leaflets are obovate to lanceolate and arranged in a opposite to alternate

Flower: White, pink to bluish color and borne in axillary racemes up to four flowers together

Fruit: Fruit is small, flattened pod and containing 1 or two seed

Economic Importance: Lentil is very nutritious. The husk, bran and dry haulms are good fodder. The young pod is used as vegetable. The leaves are acrid and bitter. Seeds are sweet and cooling, astringent to bowel, diuretic, improves appetite, removes cough and biliousness. Dry seeds contain 24% protein and 59% carbohydrate.

Leguminosae (9)IMG_7580

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Economic Importance

  • Used as vegetable
  • Used as soup
  • The hay is widely used as fodder

 

Table 1. The lentil varieties released by NARS institutes are summarized here

 

 Sl .No. Name of Variety Developed by Year of release Growing season Average yield
1 BARI Masur -1 Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna 1991 Rabi 1700 kg ha-1
2 BARI Masur -2 Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna 1993 Rabi 1850 kg ha-1
3 BARI Masur -3 Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna 1996 Rabi 1950 kg ha-1
4 BARI Masur -4 Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna 1996 Rabi 2000 kg ha-1
5 BARI Masur -5 Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna 2006 Rabi 2200 kg ha-1
6 BARI Masur -6 Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna 2006 Rabi 2500 kg ha-1
7 BARI Masur -7 Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna 2011 Rabi 1600-2200 kg
8 BARI Masur -8 Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna 2015 Rabi 2200-2300 kg ha-1
9 BARI Masur -9 Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna 2018 Rabi
10 Binamashur-1 BINA, Mymensingh 2001 Rabi 1800 kg ha-1
11 Binamashur-2 BINA, Mymensingh 2005 Rabi 2000 kg ha-1
12 Binamashur-3 BINA, Mymensingh 2005 Rabi 2000 kg ha-1
13 Binamashur-4 BINA, Mymensingh 2009 Rabi 1800 kg ha-1
14 Binamashur-5 BINA, Mymensingh 2011 Rabi 2200 kg ha-1
15 Binamashur-6 BINA, Mymensingh 2011 Rabi 2000 kg ha-1
 

16

Binamashur-7 BINA, Mymensingh 2013 Rabi 2400 kg ha-1
 

17

Binamashur-8 BINA, Mymensingh 2014 Rabi 2200-2400 kg ha-1
 

18

Binamashur-9 BINA, Mymensingh 2014 Rabi 2300 kg ha-1
 

19

Binamashur-10 BINA, Mymensingh 2016 Rabi 1900 kg ha-1