Litchi

Litchi

Scientific name: Litchi chinensis Sonn.

Local/Bangla name: ‘Lichu’, ‘Lechu’

 

 

 

 

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom        : Plantae
Division
          : Magnoliophyta
Class               :Magnoliopsida

Subclass          :Magnoliidae

Order              :Magnoliales

Family              :Sapindaceae

Genus              : Litchi

Species            :L. chinensis

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Botanical Description of Litchi

Habit: A medium-sized evergreen tree.

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Litchi-plant description_1

Root: Tap root system

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litchi root

Fig. Root Anatomy of Litchi

Stem: Up to 35 m tall and 1 m girth, branches

Stem Anatomy of Litchi

Fig. Stem Anatomy of Litchi

Leaf: Simple, lanceollate, petiolate

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Fig. Leaf Anatomy of Litchi

Inflorescence: Panicle, 15-30 cm long

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Fig. Inflorescence of Litchi

Flower: Greenish to yellowish

Calyx: Sepal 4

Corolla: Petal absent or very inconspicuous

Androecium: Stamen 6-10

Gynoecium:Densely warty

Fruit: Fleshy drupe

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Chromosome number: 2n=28, 30

 Economic Importance

 Sweet and delicious edible fruits, highly nutritious. The pulp is eaten as raw different kinds of drink, jelly, and jam are made from this fruit. The fruit is used as a preventive against biliousness and attack of fever.

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Table 1. Litchi variety developed by Germplasm Center (GPC), Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh and Horticultural Research Center (HRC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Bangladesh

Serial Number Name of Variety Developed by Year of Release Planting Season Yield (ton/ha)
1 FTIP BAU Litch-1

Bombey

GPC, BAU 2010 May-August 15.0-25.0
2 FTIP BAU Litch-2

Ishurdi

GPC, BAU 2010 May-August 15.0-25.0
3 FTIP BAU Litch-3

Chianmai

GPC, BAU 2011 May-August
4 FTIP BAU Litch-4

Malaysian

GPC, BAU 2011 May-August
5 BARI Litchu-1 HRC, BARI 1996 June-September 11.0
6 BARI Litchu-2 HRC, BARI 1996 June-September 5.5
7 BARI Litchu-3 HRC, BARI 1996 June-September 5.0
8 BARI Litchu-4 HRC, BARI 2008 June-September 13.0
 

9

BARI Litchi -5 HRC, BARI 2012 June-September 11.6

Pests of Litchi

 

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