Poaceae/Gramineae Family

Family: Poaceae

Conserved name of the family: Gramineae

Popular name of the family: Grass family

Taxonomic position (according to Cronquist, 1981)

Kingdom         : Plantae

Division           : Magnoliophyta

Class                : Liliopsida

Subclass          : Commelinidae

Order               : Poales

Family             : Poaceae

 Identifying characters of the family

  1. Stem round cylindrical,  solid node with  hollow internode, and the stem is called culm
  2. Auricle and ligule present at the junction of leaf blade and leaf sheath
  • Bracts are glume (lemma and palea)
  1. Lodicle (unit of perianth) present
  2. Fruit is caryopsis
  3. Sigma feathery bi-lobed

Table 1.  Crop species of Poaceae family with their common, scientific and their usual plant parts

Serial number Bangla name English name Scientific name Plant parts used Usefulness
1 Dhan Rice/ paddy Oryza sativa Seed Food
2 Gom Wheat Triticum aestivum Seed Food
3 Bhutta Maize Zea mays Seed Food and fodder
4 Barley Barley Hordium vulgare Seed Food
5 Oat Oat Avena sativa Seed Food
6 Ikkuh Sugar cane Saccharum officinarum Stem Sugar
7 Millet Millet Setaria italica seed Food
8 Sorghum Sorghum Sorghum vulgare Seed Food
9 Bajra Pear millet Pennisetum typhoides Seed Food
10 Rye Rye Secale cereale Seed Food
11 Finger millet Finger millet
Eleusine coracana
Seed Food
12 Foxtail millet  Foxtail Millet Setaria italica Seed Food
13 Bash Bamboo Bambusa tulda Stem Household things
14 Lebu ghash Lemon grass Cymbopogon nardus Leaf Spices
15 Lebu ghash Lemon grass Cymbopogon citronella Leaf Spices




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