Radish

Radish

Scientific name: Raphanus sativus L.

Local/Bangla name: ‘Mula’

 

Taxonomic position (according to Cronquist, 1981)

Kingdom :Plantae
(unranked) :Angiosperms
(unranked): :Eudicots
(unranked): :Rosids
Order: :Brassicales
Family: :Brassicaceae
Genus: :Raphanus
Species: : sativus

IMG_2469

 

Botanical Description of Radish

The radish is a root vegetable which is domesticated in Europe which is grown throughout the world. It is mainly eaten as raw as salad and curry. It has numerous varieties varying in size color and duration to take maturity.

Habit: Annual herb

Radish

Root: Tap root, napiform, fleshy and enlarged by storage tissue

Stem: short, elongated at flowering

Inflorescence: terminal panicle

Flower: Complete, actinomorphic, cruciform

Calyx: Sepa 4 polysepalous

Corolla:Petal 4 cross form

Gynoecium: Carpel two syncarpous

Fruit: Siliqua

Brassicaceae Family (8)

Table: Radish varieties developed by Horticultural Research Centre (HRC), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural (BSMRAU), Gazipur, Bangladesh

Serial Number Name of variety Developed by Growing season Average yield

(ton ha-1)

1 BARI Mula-1 HRC, BARI Rabi 75
2 BARI Mula-2 HRC, BARI Rabi 60
3 BARI Mula-3 HRC, BARI Rabi 55
4 BARI Mula-4 HRC, BARI Rabi 65-70
5 BU Mula-1 BSMRAU Rabi 35-40
6 BU Hybrid Mula-1 BSMRAU Rabi 55
7 BU Mula-2 BSMRAU Rabi 50-60
8 BU Mula-3 BSMRAU Rabi 50-60

Economic Importance: Radish is important both economically and medicinally. Leaves and roots are cooked and taken as vegetable. Roots are used in urinary complaints and piles. Seeds are expectorant, diuretic, laxative, tonic and are administered for treatment of spleen and paralysis.