Red Silk Cotton Tree

Red Silk Cotton Tree

Scientific name: Bombax ceiba L.

Bangla/Local name: ‘Simul’, ‘Tula Gachh’

 

 

 

 

 

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

KingdomPlantae
DivisionMagnoliophyta
ClassMagnoliopsida
Order Malvales
FamilyBombacaceae
GenusBombax
SpeciesB. ceiba

Botanical Description

Habit: Large sized, fast growing tree

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Root: Tap root system

Stem: Large sized tree up to 30 m tall

Leaves: Digitately compound, long petiole

Inflorescence: Flowers solitary on the defoliate branch

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Flower: Hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, complete

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Calyx: Cup-shaped, 4-5 lobed

Corolla: Petal 5, red in color

Androecium: Stamen numerous

Gynoecium: Ovary ovoid, glabrous

Fruit: An oblong capsule

Seeds: Seed many, embedded with cotton

Economic Importance: Silk cotton is widely used for stuffing mattresses and pillows. The wood is soft which is used for packing boxes, match boxes. The bark and roots are used as medicine.

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