Red Silk Cotton Tree

Red Silk Cotton Tree

Scientific name: Bombax ceiba L.

Bangla/Local name: ‘Simul’, ‘Tula Gachh’






Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order  Malvales
Family Bombacaceae
Genus Bombax
Species B. ceiba

Botanical Description

Habit: Large sized, fast growing tree


Root: Tap root system

Stem: Large sized tree up to 30 m tall

Leaves: Digitately compound, long petiole

Inflorescence: Flowers solitary on the defoliate branch


Flower: Hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, complete


Calyx: Cup-shaped, 4-5 lobed

Corolla: Petal 5, red in color

Androecium: Stamen numerous

Gynoecium: Ovary ovoid, glabrous

Fruit: An oblong capsule

Seeds: Seed many, embedded with cotton

Economic Importance: Silk cotton is widely used for stuffing mattresses and pillows. The wood is soft which is used for packing boxes, match boxes. The bark and roots are used as medicine.

One comment

  • Zhinuk

    In Bangladesh where Shimul tula (Bombax ceiba ) seed is available and what is about its import statistics?

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