Scientific name: Carthamus tinctorius L.

Bangla/local name: ‘Kushum Fool’







Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom        : Plantae

Division          : Magnoliophyta

Class               : Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Asteridae

Order              : Asterales

Family             : Asterceae

Genus               :Carthamus

Species             :C. tinctorius

Botanical Description of Safflower

Habit: Annual herb, pubescent



Root: Usually tap roots.

Stem: Erect or prostate, rarely climbing, sometime woody

Leaf: Simple some time compound

Flower: Inflorescence head or capitulate

Involucre bract: The head or capitulum are surrounded by a whorl of bracts called the involecre thus producing a flower cluster resembling a single flower.

Fruit: Cypsela



Chromosome: 2n=24

Economic Importance: Edible oil, used as cosmetic, varnish and paint also.


Table 1. Safflower variety developed  by  Oil Seed Research Center,  BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh


Serial No. Name of Variety Released by Planting season Yield
1 BARI Saf-1 BARI Rabi 1.10-1.20




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