Strawberry

Strawberry

Scientific name: Fragaria x ananassa

Local name: Strawberry

Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist)

Kingdom         : Plantae
Division           : Magnoliophyta
Class                :Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order               : Rosales

Family             : Rosacaeae

Genus              : Fragaria

Species            : spp.

Botanical Description

Habit: Perennial small herb

 

Strawberry

Root: Tap root system, shallow rooted

Stem: Very short stem, creeping, runner. The plant forms stolons or runners, which bear small leaf rosettes

Leaf: Trifoliate, palmately compound, covered with soft hair

Inflorescence: Small raceme-like clusters

Flower: Yellow or white

Calyx: Sepal persistent

Corolla: Petal 5, polypetalous

Androecium: Stamen numerous, polyandrous

Gynoecium: carpel numerous

Fruit: Aggregate, eaterio achene. The enlarged receptacle or torus forms a pseudocarp or false fruit. On the surface of the pseudocarp, achenes or seeds are embedded.

Strawberry 2

 

Table 1 Strawberry variety developed by BAU, Mymensingh


Serial Number Name of variety Developed by Growing season Average yield

(ton ha-1)

1 IFTIP Germplasm Centre, BAU Rabi 3-15