Jute

Jute Bangla /Local name: ‘Pat’ Two species of jute are cultivated: White jute:  Corchorus capsularis L. Tossa jute : C. olitorius L.   Table 1. Differences between  Corchorus capsularis and C.olitorius Corchorus capsularis L. C. olitorius L.   Shorter than C olitorius plant Taller  than Corchorus capsularis Leaves are dark green Leaves are light green Leaf is bitter in taste […]

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Malvaceae

Family- Malvaceae Popular name: The Mallow Family Taxonomic Position (According to Cronquist) Kingdom : Plantae Division :Magnoliophyta Class : Magnoliopsida Subclass :Dilleniidae Order : Malvales Family : Malvaceae Identifying Characters of the Family   Presence of stellate or tuffed hairs on the vegetative parts Presence of mucilage cavities Stipulate, palmately lobed leaves Stamens monoadelphous Stamens epipetalous Pollen spiny, multiporate Axile […]

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Convolvulaceae

Family: Convolvulaceae  Popular name: The Morning-glory Family Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist) Kingdom         :Plantae Division           :Magnoliophyta Class               :Magnoliopsida Order               :Solanales Family              :Convolvulaceae Identifying characteristics Climbing herb Inflorescence is axillary dichasial cyme Flower is actinomorphic, regular, pentamerous Corolla-petal five, gamopetalous, pentamerous, bell-shaped   Origin and Distribution The family is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical areas in the world consisting about […]

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Country Bean

Country Bean Scientific name: Lablab purpureus L. English name: Bean Local name: ‘Sheem’         Taxonomic position According to Cronquist (1981) Kingdom         : Plantae Division           : Magnoliophyta Class                :Magnoliopsida Subclass          : Rosidae Order               : Fabales Family             : Fabacaeae Genus              : Lablab Species            : L. purpureus Botanical Description of Country Bean Habit: Herbaceous annual twiner (vine). Root: Tap root system […]

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Cucurbitaceae

Family- Cucurbitaceae Popular name- Gourd family  Origin and distribution The family Cucurbitaceae consists of about 110 genera and 700 species, widespread in tropical and subtropical regions. In Bangladesh, this family is represented by 21 genera and 39 species. Taxonomic Position (According to Cronqist) Kingdom : Plantae Division : Magnoliophyta Class : Magnoliopsida Sub-class : Dilleniidae Order : Violales Family :Cucurbitaceae […]

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Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Family: Brassicaceae  Conserved name: Cruciferae Popular name: Mustard Family Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist)   Kingdom                     :Plantae Division                       :Magnoliophyta Class                            :Magnoliopsida Subclass                      :Dilleniidae Order                           :Capparales Family                         :Brassicaceae Identifying characters of the family Herb with odorous Watery juice stem Flower Cruciform Four sepals, four petals Stamen six tetradynamous Fruit siliqua Botanical Description of the Family Habit: Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, […]

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Apiaceae

Family: Apiaceae Conserved name: Umbelliferae Popular name: the Carrot Family Taxonomic Position (According to Cronquist)   Kingdom              : Plantae Division                : Magnoliophyta Class                     : Magnoliopsida Subclass                : Rosidae Order                    :Apiales Family                  : Apiaceae   Identifying Characters of the family  Herbaceous habit Presence of decompound leaf Aromatic herbs with hollow stems Leaves compound with sheathing base Inflorescence simple or […]

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Amaranthacaeae

Family: Amaranthacaeae               Taxonomic position According to Cronquist (1981) Kingdom                     :Plantae Division                       :Magnoliophyta Class                            :Magnoliopsida Order                           :Caryophyllalase Family                         : Amaranthaceae Genus                          : Amaranthus   Identifying characters Gnerally herb Inflorescence spike Flower small having bract or bracteole Perianth membranous and shiny Fruit generally nutlet Seed black and shiny   External Morphology   Habit: many […]

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Aloe vera

Aloe vera Local name: ‘Ghritokumari’ Scientific name: Aloe vera (L) Burm.f             Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist, 1981) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Liliopsida Order Asparagales Family Aloaceae Genus Aloe Species A. vera Botanical Description Habit: A xerophytic perennial herb, succulent stem short, thick, triangular or srear-like. Figure: A Field view of Aloe vera Leaf: […]

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Jackfruit

Jackfruit Scientific name: Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Bangla/Local name: ‘Kathal’               Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988) Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Moraceae Genus: Artocarpus Species: A. heterophyllus     Identifying characteristics of the family General Characteristics Big tree Latex present, especially in the secondary phloem Monoecious or dioecious plant Infloresence spadix with bract spathe […]

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