Tomato

Tomato: Taxonomy, morphology and yield perspective

M A Baset Mia

Common name: Tomato

Scientific name : Solanum lycopersicum L

Local/Bangla Name: Bilatibegun, Gurbegun, Tok begun

Video on Tomato

 

Video on cherry tomato

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom        :Plantae

Division          :Magnoliophyta

Class               :Magnoliopsida

Subclass         :Asterdae

Order              :Solanales

Family             :Solanaceae

Genus              :Solanum

Species            :S. lycopersicum

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Botanical Description of Tomato

Habit: Annual herb, some time may be shrub.WP_20150208_10_39_10_Pro

Root: Tap root system, branched.

Tomato root

Figure: Root Anatomy of Tomato

Stem: Weak, sprawling

Tomato stem

Figure: Stem Anatomy of Tomato

Leaf: Compound leaf (pinnately compound)

Inflorescence: Raceme

Flower: Actinomorphic, complete, hermaphroditeDSC08483Calyx: Sepal 5, persistent

Corolla: petal 5 gamopetalous

Gynoecium: placentation central

Fruit: Berry

TomatoIMG_1069

Table 2. Tomato varieties developed by Horticulture Research Center (HRC), BARI, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh and Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Mymensingh, Bangladesh

Serial Number Name of variety Developed by Growing season Average yield

(t ha-1)

1 BARI Tomato-1(Manik) HRC, BARI Rabi 85-90
2 BARI Tomato-2 HRC, BARI Rabi 85-90
3 BARI Tomato -3 HRC, BARI Rabi 80-85
4 BARI Tomato- 4 HRC, BARI Rabi 24-26
5 BARI Tomato- 5 HRC, BARI Rabi 20-23
6 BARI Tomato -6 (Chaiti) HRC, BARI Rabi 35-40
7 BARI Tomato -7 (Apurba) HRC, BARI Rabi 95-100
8 BARI Tomato- 8 (Shila) HRC, BARI Rabi 100-115
9 BARI Tomato- 9 HRC, BARI Rabi 85-90
10 BARI Tomato-10 (hybrid) HRC, BARI Summer 45-50
11 BARI Tomato -11 HRC, BARI Rabi 35-40
12 BARI Tomato -12 HRC, BARI Rabi 80-85
13 BARI Tomato -13 (hybrid) HRC, BARI Summer 45-50
14 BARI Tomato- 14 HRC, BARI Rabi 90-95
15 BARI Tomato- 15 HRC, BARI Rabi 80-85
16 BARI Tomato- 16 HRC, BARI Rabi 71-80
 

17

BARI Tomato- 17 HRC, BARI Rabi 70-75
 

18

BARI Tomato- 18 HRC, BARI Rabi 70-81
 

19

BARI Tomato- 19 HRC, BARI Rabi 65-67
20 BARI Hybrid Tomato- 3 HRC, BARI Summer 35-40
21 BARI Hybrid Tomato- 4 HRC, BARI Summer 40-50
22 BARI Hybrid Tomato- 5 HRC, BARI Rabi 95-100
23 BARI Hybrid Tomato-6 HRC, BARI Rabi 90-95
24 BARI Hybrid Tomato-7 HRC, BARI Rabi 85-90
25 BARI Hybrid Tomato-8 HRC, BARI Kharif (Summer) 30-40
26 BARI Hybrid Tomato-9 HRC, BARI Rabi 74-81
 

27

BARI Hybrid Tomato-10 HRC, BARI Kharif (Summer) 40-42
Tomato Varieties Developed by BINA, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
28 Bahar BINA Rabi 65-70
29 Binatomato-2 BINA Rabi 36
30 Binatomato-3 BINA Rabi 20-22
31 Binatomato-4 BINA Rabi 77
32 Binatomato-5 BINA Rabi 69
33 Binatomato-6 BINA Rabi 85
34 Binatomato-7 BINA Rabi 87
35 Binatomato-8 BINA Rabi 90
36 Binatomato-9 BINA Rabi 105
37 Binatomato-10 BINA Rabi 80-85
38 Binatomato-11 BINA Rabi 95
39 Binatomato-12 BINA Rabi 90
 40 Binatomato-13 BINA Rabi 87

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