Tomato

Tomato: Taxonomy, morphology and yield perspective

M A Baset Mia

Common name: Tomato

Scientific name : Solanum lycopersicum L

Local/Bangla Name: Bilatibegun, Gurbegun, Tok begun

Video on Tomato

 

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Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom        :Plantae

Division          :Magnoliophyta

Class               :Magnoliopsida

Subclass         :Asterdae

Order              :Solanales

Family             :Solanaceae

Genus              :Solanum

Species            :S. lycopersicum

 WP_20150209_11_15_13_Pro

Botanical Description of Tomato

Habit: Annual herb, some time may be shrub.WP_20150208_10_39_10_Pro

Root: Tap root system, branched.

Tomato root

Figure: Root Anatomy of Tomato

Stem: Weak, sprawling

Tomato stem

Figure: Stem Anatomy of Tomato

Leaf: Compound leaf (pinnately compound)

Inflorescence: Raceme

Flower: Actinomorphic, complete, hermaphroditeDSC08483Calyx: Sepal 5, persistent

Corolla: petal 5 gamopetalous

Gynoecium: placentation central

Fruit: Berry

TomatoIMG_1069

Table 2. Tomato varieties developed by Horticulture Research Center (HRC), BARI, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh and Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Mymensingh, Bangladesh

Serial NumberName of varietyDeveloped byGrowing seasonAverage yield

(t ha-1)

1BARI Tomato-1(Manik)HRC, BARIRabi85-90
2BARI Tomato-2HRC, BARIRabi85-90
3BARI Tomato -3HRC, BARIRabi80-85
4BARI Tomato- 4HRC, BARIRabi24-26
5BARI Tomato- 5HRC, BARIRabi20-23
6BARI Tomato -6 (Chaiti)HRC, BARIRabi35-40
7BARI Tomato -7 (Apurba)HRC, BARIRabi95-100
8BARI Tomato- 8 (Shila)HRC, BARIRabi100-115
9BARI Tomato- 9HRC, BARIRabi85-90
10BARI Tomato-10 (hybrid)HRC, BARISummer45-50
11BARI Tomato -11HRC, BARIRabi35-40
12BARI Tomato -12HRC, BARIRabi80-85
13BARI Tomato -13 (hybrid)HRC, BARISummer45-50
14BARI Tomato- 14HRC, BARIRabi90-95
15BARI Tomato- 15HRC, BARIRabi80-85
16BARI Tomato- 16HRC, BARIRabi71-80
 

17

BARI Tomato- 17HRC, BARIRabi70-75
 

18

BARI Tomato- 18HRC, BARIRabi70-81
 

19

BARI Tomato- 19HRC, BARIRabi65-67
20BARI Hybrid Tomato- 3HRC, BARISummer35-40
21BARI Hybrid Tomato- 4HRC, BARISummer40-50
22BARI Hybrid Tomato- 5HRC, BARIRabi95-100
23BARI Hybrid Tomato-6HRC, BARIRabi90-95
24BARI Hybrid Tomato-7HRC, BARIRabi85-90
25BARI Hybrid Tomato-8HRC, BARIKharif (Summer)30-40
26BARI Hybrid Tomato-9HRC, BARIRabi74-81
 

27

BARI Hybrid Tomato-10HRC, BARIKharif (Summer)40-42
Tomato Varieties Developed by BINA, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
28BaharBINARabi65-70
29Binatomato-2BINARabi36
30Binatomato-3BINARabi20-22
31Binatomato-4BINARabi77
32Binatomato-5BINARabi69
33Binatomato-6BINARabi85
34Binatomato-7BINARabi87
35Binatomato-8BINARabi90
36Binatomato-9BINARabi105
37Binatomato-10BINARabi80-85
38Binatomato-11BINARabi95
39Binatomato-12BINARabi90
 40Binatomato-13BINARabi87

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