Family: Rhamnaceae

The Buckthorn Family

Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist)

Kingdom        : Plantae
          : Magnoliophyta
Class               : Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order              : Rhamnales

Family            : Rhamnaceae

 It is widely distributed in the drier part of tropical Africa and Asia. In Bangladesh and India the family is found throughout the country.

Botanical Description of the Family

Habit: Tree or shrub

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Thorny

Leaf: Simple, alternate, sometimes opposite

Inflorescence: Terminal or axillary cyme

Flower: Complete, bisexual or rarely unisexual

Calyx: Sepal 4-5, lobed triangular

Corolla: Petal 4-5, concave or hooded

Androecium: Stamen 4-5

Gynoecium: Carpel 2-3, syncarpous, ovary superior

Fruit: Drupe


Table 1. Economically important plant species of this family


Serial Number Bangla name English name Scientific Name Usefulness
1 Jangli-kul Jagged jujube Ziziphus trinervia Roxb. Fruit is used as sour fruit
2 Kul, Boroi Indian jujube Rhamnus jujube L. Dessert


3 Saikul Green palm Z. oenoplia (L.) Mill Medicinal


4 Jangli Boroi Not known Z. rugose Lamk Edible fruit



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