Family: Rhamnaceae

The Buckthorn Family

Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist)

Kingdom        : Plantae
          : Magnoliophyta
Class               : Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order              : Rhamnales

Family            : Rhamnaceae

 It is widely distributed in the drier part of tropical Africa and Asia. In Bangladesh and India the family is found throughout the country.

Botanical Description of the Family

Habit: Tree or shrub

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Thorny

Leaf: Simple, alternate, sometimes opposite

Inflorescence: Terminal or axillary cyme

Flower: Complete, bisexual or rarely unisexual

Calyx: Sepal 4-5, lobed triangular

Corolla: Petal 4-5, concave or hooded

Androecium: Stamen 4-5

Gynoecium: Carpel 2-3, syncarpous, ovary superior

Fruit: Drupe


Table 1. Economically important plant species of this family


Serial NumberBangla nameEnglish nameScientific NameUsefulness
1Jangli-kulJagged jujubeZiziphus trinervia Roxb.Fruit is used as sour fruit
2Kul, BoroiIndian jujubeRhamnus jujube L.Dessert


3SaikulGreen palmZ. oenoplia (L.) MillMedicinal


4Jangli BoroiNot knownZ. rugose LamkEdible fruit



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