Field Mustard

Field Mustard

English name: Field Mustard, Rape seed

Scientific name: Brassica campestris

Synoname      : B. napus                   

Local name: Magi, Tori, Sarisha

Chromosome number: 2n=20

 Taxonomic position of mustard According to Cronquist (1981)


Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order: Capparales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species: B. campestris

Botanical Description of Brassica campestris

Habit: Annual or biennial herb

Root: Tap root system, roots are slender

Stem: Erect, branched, glabrous

Leaf: Simple, alternate, the shape of leaf is lanceolate, the lower leaves are deeply lobed, bluish-green and glaucous. Rosette of leaves at young stage.

Inflorescence: panicle

Flower: Complete, pedicillate, the flowers have pale yellow to bright yellow petals.

Calyx: Sepal oblong

Corolla: Petal 4, cruciform

Androecium: Stamen 6, tetradynamous (4 larger and 2 smaller)

Gynoecium: Ovary cylindrical, superior, stigma capitate

Fruit: Siliqua generally 5-11 cm long, which contains 20-40 seeds (Elzebroke and Wind,2008)

Chromosome number: 2n=20

Table Popular mustard (Brassica campestris) varieties developed by Oilseeds Research Centre (ORC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Bangladesh; Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Mymensingh, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Serial NumberName of variety Developed byYear of ReleaseGrowing seasonAverage yield

(kg ha-1)

1AgraniBINA, Mymensingh1991Rabi1750
2SafalBINA, Mymensingh1991Rabi1750
3Binasarisha-3BINA, Mymensingh1997Rabi1900
4Binasarisha-4BINA, Mymensingh1997Rabi2000
5Binasarisha-5BINA, Mymensingh2002Rabi1600
6Binasarisha-6BINA, Mymensingh2002Rabi1500
7Binasarisha-7BINA, Mymensingh2011Rabi2000
8Binasarisha-8BINA, Mymensingh2011Rabi1700
9Binasarisha-9BINA, Mymensingh2013Rabi1800
10Binasarisha-10BINA, Mymensingh2013Rabi1700
11SAU sarisha-1SAU, DhakaRabi


12SAU sarisha-2SAU, DhakaRabi1750-1950



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