Synonym: French bean, String bean, Field bean, Flageolet bean, Kidney bean, Garden bean, Green bean, Haricot bean, Pop bean, or Snap bean
Scientific name: Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Local name: Farashi bean
Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)
|Species||: P. vulgaris|
Botanical Description of French Bean
Habit: A climber or sub-erect annual herb
Root: Tap root system
Stem: Herbaceous, branched
Leaf: alternate, compound, trifoliate, pulvinate
Inflorescence: A simple raceme, terminal, flowers bear in a cluster
Flower: Papilionaceous, zygomorphic, hermaphrodite
Calyx: Sepal five, gamosepalous, aestivation valvate
Corolla: polypetalous, petal five, papilionaceous, composed of one standard, two wing and two keel.
Androecium: Stamen 10, diadelphous (9)+1
Gynoecium: Ovary superior, monocarpellary, marginal placentation
Fruit: A legume, pod oblong
Number of Chromosome: 2n=22, 24 (Kumar and Subramaniam, 1986)
Economic Importance: It is one of the best known and widely cultivated edible phaseolus plant. Immature fruits are used as vegetable. Dry ripe seeds are also edible. The leaves are also used as pot-herb. The straw is used as forage.
Table French bean varieties developed by Pulse Research Centre, BARI
|Serial Number||Name of variety||Developed by||Year of Release||Growing season||Yield|
|1||BARI-Jar Seem-1||PRC||1996||Rabi||13-14 t/ha|
|2||BARI Jar Seem- 2||PRC||2002||Rabi||12-15 t/ha|