Scientific name: Alocasia esculenta (L.) Schott

Local name: ‘Mukhikachu’







Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)


Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Liliopsida
Subclass Arecidae
Order Arales
Family Araceae
Genus Alocasia
Species A. esculenta


Botanical Description of Taro




Habit: Perennial herb of 1-2 m tall.

Root: Adventitious root system, shallow and fleshy.



Stem: Underground stem modified into corm, is a cylindrical or spherical, bulb-like fleshy structure with short internode at the base of the stem.



Leaf: Simple, alternate, composed of leaf sheath and leaf blade. The blade is big heart-shaped. The petiole is long.


Inflorescence: Spadix with bract, spathe.


Flower: Three types of flower namely male, female and neuter flowers are present

Fruit: Berry

Chromosome number: 2n=28

Economic Importance: widely used as vegetable, almost every plant parts like leaf blade, petiole, rhizome, stole etc. are used as vegetable.

Table 1: Some aroids are developed by Tuber Crops Research Center (TCRC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Bangladesh

Serial Number Name of variety Developed by Year of Release Growing season Average Yield

(t ha-1)

1 Bilashi


Tuber Crop Research Centre, BARI 1988 Kharif 20-25
2 Latiraj


Tuber Crop Research Centre, BARI 1988 Kharif 25-30
3 BARI Panikachu-2


Tuber Crop Research Centre, BARI 2008 Kharif 25-30
4 BARI Panikachu-3 Tuber Crop Research Centre, BARI 2008 Kharif 20-25
5 BARI Panikachu-4 Tuber Crop Research Centre, BARI  2013  Kharif  35-45
6 BARI Panikachu-5 Tuber Crop Research Centre, BARI 2013  Kharif  35-40
 7  BARI Panikachu-6  Tuber Crop Research Centre, BARI 2017  Kharif  70-90



  1. Flora and Fauna Web
  2. BARI


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