Sal Tree

Sal

Scientific name: Shorea robusta Gaertn

Bangla/local name: ‘Gazari’

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Malvales
Family Dipterocarpaceae
Genus Shorea
Species S. robusta

Botanical Description

Habit: Sal is a large sub deciduous tree. It is up to 30 meter high.

Root: Taproot system

Stem: They have tough texture. Young trees have a linear crown, which becomes rounder and flatter with aging. The sapwood is whitish in colour, thick and is less durable. The heartwood becomes dark brown to black in colour on exposure. The wood pores are filled with resin

Leaf: Simple, seldom completely leafless. It has large leathery leaves and yellowish flowers.

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sal-fruit

Economic Importance

Used as timber

Medicinal uses : The resin is used in the indigenous system of medicine as an astringent and detergent and is given in diarrhea and dysentery. It is also used as an ingredient of ointments for skin diseases and in the ear troubles. It is also used in the foot care cream. The powered seeds have insecticides properties. The powered seeds are even used to treat dental problems. It cleanses the skin of oily secretion and is used as the cleanser for washing hair.

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