Scientific name: Coffea arabica L.

Local name: Coffee





Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom         : Plantae
          : Magnoliophyta
Class               :Magnoliopsida

Subclass         : Asteridae

Order              : Rubiales

Family             : Rubiaceae

Genus             : Coffea

Species           : C. arabica


Fig. Coffee Field

Botanical Description of Coffee Plant

Habit: Shrub, perennial


Fig. Coffee Plant

Root: Tap root system, root system is relatively shallow.

Stem:Small tree, evergreen, glabrous, multi-stemmed shrub.

Leaf:Opposite, elliptic, stipulate, evergreen.

Inflorescence: Axillary, clusters

Flower: Actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, complete


Flower and Fruit of Coffee

Calyx: Sepal 5

Corolla: Petal 5, gamopetalous

Androecium : Stamen 5 exerted

Gynoecium :Ovary inferior, bilocular

Fruit:Berry oblong


Fig. Coffee Fruit

Seed: Non-endospermic

Economic Importance: Widely used as beverage and beverage product


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Fig. Coffee Drink

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