Scientific Name: Musa spp.

Local/Bangla name: ‘Kala’








Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom        :Plantae

Division          :Magnoliophyta

Class               :Liliopsida

Subclass          :Zingiberidae

Order              :Zingiberales

Family             :Musaceae

Genus               : Musa


Banana plant ashraf

Photo Source: Abu Ashraf Khan

Identifying Characters of this Family

  • Plants are perennial big herb
  • venetation
  • Infloresce
  • Leaf big, parallel
  • nce is compound spadix
  • Perianth is petaloid
  • Ovary is inferior

Botanical Description of the Family

 Habit: Perennial giant herb

Root: Fibrous root system


Figure: Root Anatomy of Banana

Stem: Rhizome, the leaf sheaths attached each other and make a trunk known as pseudostem

Leaf: Simple, alternate, sessile, consist of leaf sheath and leaf blade

Inflorescence: Spadix



Figure: Banana Flower

Flower: Bisexual, sometime unisexual, actinomorphic


Perianth: Tepal six, arranged in two whorls

Androecium: Stamen 6,

Gynoecium: Carpel 3, syncarpous, ovary inferior

Fruit: Berry



Figure: Bunch of banana

Cultivars of Bananas


There are two types of ploidy in bananas namely diploid and triploid in dessert cultivars of bananas. The most important genotypes are AA or AB (diploid) and AAA or AAB (triploid).


Economic Importance

  • Used as dessert fruit
  • Used as vegetable


Table 1: The most common cultivars are grown in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand



Country Name of cultivars Genomic composition and ploidy Remarks







‘Amritashagor’ AAB Dessert
‘Shabri’ AAB Dessert
‘Champa’ AAB Dessert
‘Chini Champa’ AB Dessert
‘Mehershagor’ AAA Dessert
‘Singapori’ AAA Dessert
‘Agnisawar’ AAA Dessert
‘Jahaji’ AAA Dessert
‘Kabri’ ABB Dessert
‘Bichi Kala’ Dessert (seeded)
‘Ganna Shundhuri’ Dessert
‘Anaji Kala’ ABB Plantain (widely used as vegetable)


Table 1: Banana varieties developed by Horticultural Research Centre (HRC), BARI


Sl. No. Name of Variety Developed by Growing season Average yield

(t ha-1)

1 Basrai BARI Whole year Not known
2 BARI Kola-1 BARI Whole year 50
3 BARI Kola-2 BARI Whole year 40
4 BARI Kola-3 BARI Whole year 50
5 BARI Kola-4 BARI Whole year 50
6 BARI Kola-5 BARI Whole year 23-24





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