Scientific name: Mangifera indica L.

Local/Bangla name: আম ( ‘Aam’)

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

 Kingdom         : Plantae

Division           : Magnoliphyta

Class                : Magnoliopsida

Order               : Sapindales

Family             : Anacardiaceae

Genus              : Mangifera

Species            : M. indica


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Botanical Description of Mango

Habit: Perennial tree

Root: Tap root systemIMG_4733

Stem: Erect, large trunk

Mango stem

Leaf: Simple, petiolate, phylotaxy alternate some time opposite, leaf blade dorsiventral

Mango leaf

Inflorescence: Panicle

Flower: Actinomorphic, bisexual,

Calyx: Sepal composed of five ovate-lanceolate, finely pubescent, concave sepals.

Corolla: Petal five elliptic-lanceolate to obovate-lance-olate.

Fruit: Drupe with an outer leathery skin (exocarp), a fleshy mesocarp and a hard, stony endocarp (pit) surrounding the seed.

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Table 1. Popular mango varieties developed by Germplasm Centre, BAU; Horticulture Research Centre, BARI

Serial NumberName of varietyDeveloped byYear of ReleaseGrowing seasonYield


1FTIP-BAU Aam1BAU2006June-September15-20




4FTIP-BAU Aam4BAU2006June-September15-20
5FTIP-BAU Mango 5BAU2006June-September18-22
6FTIP-BAU Mango-6BAU2006June-September25-30
7FTIP-BAU Mango-7BAU2006June-September25-40
8FTIP-BAU Mango-8BAU2006June-September25-30
9FTIP-BAU Mango-9BAU2006June-September18-25
10FTIP-BAU Mango-10BAU2008June-September15-20
11FTIP-BAU Mango-11 (Kachamitha-1)BAU2009May to August4.5 -8.50
12FTIP-BAU Mango-12 (Kachamitha-2)BAU2009May to August4.5 -8.50
13FTIP-BAU Mango-13(Kachamitha-3)BAU2009May to August3-5
14FTIP-BAU Mango-14 (Banana mango)BAU2010May to August2.5-8.5
15FTIP-BAU Mango-15(Golapkhash)BAU2010May to August1.5-6.0
16FTIP-BAU Mango-16(Golla)BAU2010May to August1.4-7.8
17FTIP-BAU Mango-17(Satkaniya)BAU2010May to August1.2-4.2
18BARI Aam-1BARI1996June-September20.0
19BARI Aam-2BARI1996June-September22.0
20BARI Aam-3BARI1996June-September22.0
21BARI Aam-4BARI2003June-September18.0
22BARI Aam-5BARI2009June-September15.0
23BARI Aam-6BARI2009June-September11.0
24BARI Aam-7BARI2009June-September16.0
25BARI Aam-8BARI2009June-September14.0
26BARI Aam-9 (Kacha Mitha)BARI2011June-September13.5
27BARI Aam-10BARI2012June-September72.5 kg/plant
28BARI Mango-11BARI2015June-September22.0

Popular Variety of Mango

The local varieties of mangoes are: Fazlee, Langda, Gopalbogh, Himsagar, Khirsapat, Ashhwina, Khisanbogh, Kuapahadi, Lata Bombai, Foria, Bombai, Kohitoor, Laksmanbhog, Mohanbhog, Misribhog, Amrapali, Haribhanga  etc. Fazli, Lengra, Gopalbhog and Khisrapat are considered to be the premier varieties.

Visit for more image of mango varieties found globally