Scientific name: Carissa carandas L.

Local/ Bangla name: ‘Karanca’





Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom         : Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridis
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Carissa
Species: C. carandis

Botanical Description of Carissa

Habit: Generally shrubs


Root: Tap root system

Leaf: Simple, alternate, petiolate, lamina entire


Karamja single dorsal leaf

karamja single leaf ventral


Figure: Leaf Anatomy of Carissa

Stem: Strong, containing thorn


Figure: Stem Anatomy of Carissa

Inflorescence: Cluster

Flower: Complete, actinomporhic


Fruit: Berry

c flower

Chromosome number:

Economic Importance

The fruit is a rich source of iron, so it sometimes used in treatment of anemia. It contains a fair amount of vitamin.

Mature fruit is harvested for pickles. It contains pectin and accordingly is a useful ingredient in jelly, jam, syrup and chutney. Ripe fruits exude a white latex when severed from the branch. The roots of the plant are heavily branched, making it valuable for stabilizing eroding slopes. It has medicinal value too, it is taken for urine-related problems.

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