Camphor

Camphor Scientific name: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Nees & Eberm. Local/Bangla Name: ‘Karpur’           Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Laurales Family Lauraceae Genus  Cinnamomum Species  C. camphora  Economic Importance: Used as medicinal purposes. Economic Importance Widely cultivated as a street and garden tree, C. camphora is cultivated for camphor, […]

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Opium

Opium Scientific name: Papaver somniferum Linn. Local/Bangla Name: ‘Afim’               Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Subclass Rosidae Order Ranunculales Family Papaveraceae Genus Papaver Species P. somniferum         Economic Importance: Ornamental and medicinal purposes. It is also used as narcotics.  

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Pippal

Pippal Scientific name: Ficus religiosa Linn. Local/Bangla Name: Pippal/Bio-tree Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Subclass Rosidae Order Rosales Family Moraceae Genus Ficus Species religiosa Economic Importance: Ornamental and medicinal purposes.

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Butterfly pea

Butterfly pea Scientific name: Clitoris ternatea L.  Local/Bangla name: Aprajita                 Taxonomic Position according to Cronquist (1981) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Subclass Rosidae Order Fabales Family Fabacaeae Genus Clitoris Species C. ternate Botanical Description of Butterfly Pea Habit: A perennial twining herb. Root: Tap root system Stem: Tertrete more or less […]

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Gynura

Gynura Scientific name: Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr.       Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Asterales Family Asteraceae Genus Gynura Species G. procumbens Economic Importance: Used for diabetes, hypertension, high-cholesterol, rheumatism, viral ailments, and other illness. Besides the above medicinal properties, according to the Plant Resources of South East Asia (PROSEA), this […]

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Canna Lily

Canna Lily English Name: Indian Shot, Canna Lily, African Arrowroot Scientific name: Canna indica L. Bangla/Local name: ‘Kalabati’           Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Liliopsida Order Zingiberales Family Cannaceae Genus Canna Species  C. indica Chromosome number: 2n=18 Botanical Description of Canna Stem: It is a perennial growing to between 0.5 m and 2.5 m, […]

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Jatropha

Jatropha English name: Barbados nut Scientific name: Jatropha curcas L. Bangla name: ‘Baghverenda’     Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)   Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyte Class Magnoliopsida Order Malpighiales Family Euphorbiaceae Genus Jatropha Species J. curcas Botanical Description of Jatropha Habit: A glabrous, soft-wooded shrub or small tree. Root: Tap root system Stem:  Stem glabrous, up to 6 m […]

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Zilapi Fruit

Zilapi Fruit Scientific name:  Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)   Kingdom         : Plantae Division : Magnoliophyta Class :Magnoliopsida Subclass : Rosidae Order : Fabales Family : Fabacaeae Genus : Pithecellobium Species : P. dulce Economic Importance Used as food:The seed pods contain a sweet and sour pulp that is eaten raw as an accompaniment to various meat dishes […]

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Carrot

Carrot Scientific name: Daucas carota L. Local/Bangla name: ‘Gazor’ Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Apiales Family Apiaceae Genus Daucas Species  D. carota Botanical Description of Carrot Habit: Plants are mostly annual herb Root system: tap root modified into tuber Stem: Aerial, short and rosette. Leaf: Compound Inflorescence– A simple umbel or compound […]

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Indian Gooseberry/Emblica (আমলকি)

Indian Gooseberry/Emblica/Anola Scientific name: Phyllanthus emblica L. Synonym: Emblica Officinalis Bangla name:  আমলকি (‘Amloki’, ‘Amla’)     Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyte Class Magnoliopsida Order Malpighiales Family Phyllanthaceae Genus Phyllanthus Species P. emblica     Botanical Description of Indian Gooseberry Habit: A perennial tree.   Root: Tap root system Stem:  Stem glabrous, up to 20 […]

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