Bael

Bael Scientific name: Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr., Trans. Linn. Synonym: Crataeva marmelos L. Bangla/local name: বেল (Bael/Bel) Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988) Kingdom: Plantae Phyllum: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsia Order: Sapindales Family: Rutaceae Genus: Aegle Species:  A. marmelos Botanical Description of Bael Habit: A medium-sized deciduous tree, up to 15 m tall. Older branches spiny, spines solitary or paired, 1-2 cm […]

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Bitter gourd

Bitter gourd Scientific name: Momordica charantia L. Bangla/local name: ‘Karola’             Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988) Kingdom      :Plantae Phyllum       :Magnoliophyta Class            :Magnoliopsida Order           :Cucurbitales Family         :Cucurbitaceae Genus          :Momordica Species:       :M. charantia Botanical Description of Bitter Gourd Habit: An annual, climbing herb. Stem: ranched, puberulous, 1-2 m long. Tendrils up to 20 cm long, puberulous, simple. […]

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Garlic

Garlic Scientific name: Allium sativum L. Local/Bangla name: ‘Rasun’ Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988) Kingdom:       Plantae Phylum:          Magnoliophyta Class:              Liliopsida Subclass:        Liliidae Order:            Liliales Family:           Liliaceae Genus:            Allium Species:           A. sativum  Botanical Description of Garlic Habit: Biennial herb but mostly grown as annual . Stem:Stem underground and modified into a small disc, generally known […]

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Ulatchambal

Ulatchambal Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981) Kingdom: Plantae Phyllum: Magnoliophyta Class: Magniopsida Order: Malvales Family: Sterculiaceae Genus: Abroma Species: Abroma augusta Botanical Description Habit: A shrub or small tree, 2.5-4.5 m high with horizontal branches. Stem: Stem downy. Leaves simple, alternate, 10-25 x 10-19 cm, repand-denticulate, base 3-7 nerved, cordate, upper leaves smaller, narrower, entire, glabrescent above, tomentose beneath, […]

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Punarnava

Punarnava Scientific name:Boerhavia diffusa L. English names: Pigweed, Spreading Hog-weed. Local names:Punarnava, Gondhapurna. Family name:Nyctaginaceae Botanical Description Habit:A perennial creeping or climbing herb, 0.4-2.0 m tall, puberulous to glabrescent, with club-shaped or stalked glands and glandular hairs. Leaves:Leaves simple, opposite or subopposite, base obtuse, cordate or truncate, apex acute to obtuse, lower surface often white, sometimes with red marginal glands, […]

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Mehedi

Mehedi Scientific name: Lawsonia inermis L. English names: Henna, Indian Privet, Mignonette Tree Local names: মেহেদী / মেন্দি / সুদি (Mendi, Mehedi, Sudi). Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988) Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Myrtales Family Lythraceae Genus Lawsonia Species L. inermis Botanical Description of Mehedi Habit:A leaf-sheathing shrub, sometimes growing out into a small tree, bark fairly […]

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Kuchila

Kuchila Scientific name: Strychnosnux-vomica L English name: Nux-vomica Tree Local name:Kuchila Family: Loganiaceae Botanical Description Habit:A small to medium-sized tree, twigs without lenticels, glabrous, spines sometimes present. Leaves:Leaves simple, opposite,petiolate, petioles 0.5-1.0 cm long, glabrous, lamina elliptic to sub-orbicular, base rounded to subtruncate, 4.0-10.5 x 3.0-8.6 cm, apex subacuminate, often mucronate, glabrous, 3-5 nerved. Inflorescence:Inflorescence terminal on axillary branches, many-flowered, tomentose. […]

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Gora Neem

Gora Neem Scientific name: Melia azedarach L. Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981) Kingdom: Plantae Phyllum: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Sapindales Family: Meliaceae Genus: Melia Species: Melia azedarach Botanical Description Habit: A moderate-sized deciduous tree, with a short trunk,  bark greyish-brown,  smooth, lenticellate, becoming lightly fissured or scaling with age, inner bark yellowish. Twig 6-8 mm in diameter, covered with fulvous stellate […]

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Ghora-gulancha

Ghora-gulancha Scientific name: Tinospora cordifolia English name: Tinospora Gulancha. Local names: Ghora-gulancha, Nim-gulancha. Botanical Description Habit: A woody climber, glabrous, leafless at the time of flowering. Stem: Branches striaght when young, later developing a smooth, thin pergamentaceous bark which sometimes detaches, long filiform aerial roots present. Leaves: Leaves thinly papyraceous, broadly cordate, 3-14 x 3.5-15.0 cm, apex abruptly acuminate, basal […]

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Ghora-gulancha

Ghora-gulancha Scientific name: Tinospora cordifolia English name: TinosporaGulancha. Local names: Ghora-gulancha, Nim-gulancha. Botanical Description Habit: A woody climber, glabrous, leafless at the time of flowering. Stem: Stem and branches striate when young, later developing a smooth, thin pergamentaceous bark which sometimes detaches, long filiform aerial roots present. Leaves: Leaves thinly papyraceous, broadly cordate, 3-14 x 3.5-15.0 cm, apex abruptly acuminate, […]

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