Scientific name: Coriandrum sativum L.

Bangla/local name: ‘Dhonia’

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom:       Plantae

Division:         Magnoliophyta

Class:              Magnoliopsida


Order:            Apiales                       

Family:           Apiaceae

Genus:            Coriandrum

Species :          C. sativum


Botanical description of Coriander

Habit: Coriander is an erect, glabrous, annual herb.


Root: Coriander has a well-developed fleshy taproot

Stem: The species has solid, finely grooved stems and in richly branched

Leaf: The  leaves alternate, are compound and most of them are pinnate or bipinnate. The plant develops leaves of two different shapes: the basal leaf which start more or less as roseette leaves, are usually simple and broader than the leaves attached to the stem.

Flower: The white or pink flowers are borne in umbel, the middle flowers are small and infertile, and the outer flowers are larger and fertile


Fruit: The small oval, and aromatic fruit is a cremocarp, yellowish brown, 3 to 5 mm in dia, with wavy longitudinal ridges .

Coriander fruit

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *