Scientific name: Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
Local name: Felon
Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)
|Species||: V. unguiculata|
Botanical Description of Cow pea
Habit: annual herb
Root: Tap root system
Stem: Stem stout
Leaf: compound, the size and shape of the leaves varies greatly, making this an important feature for classifying and distinguishing cowpea varieties. Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas are the long 20–50 centimetre (7.9–19.7 in) peduncles which hold the flowers and seed pods. One peduncle can support four or more seed pods. Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow and white and blue.
Inflorescence: Short axillary raceme
Flower: Papilionaceous, hermaphrodite
Calyx: campanulate, oblique, teeth triangular
Corolla: Standard, wing and keel; standard is whitish in color, wings often with purplish Androecium: Stamens 10, diadephous i.e. 9+1
Gynoecium: Carpel 1, ovary superior
Economic Importance: The seeds are used as food for human being. The plant is used as hay and fodder.
Table 1. Cow pea varieties released by BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh
|Sl. No.||Name of Variety||Released by||Year of Release||Growing Season||Yield||View|
|1||BARI Felon-1(Bostamy)||Pulse Research Center||1993||Rabi||1.1-1.4 t/ha||View for Detail|
|2||BARI Felon-2||Pulse Research Center||1996||Rabi||1.5 t/ha||View for Detail|