Faba Bean

Faba Bean

Scientific name: Vicia faba L.


Local name: Barashim/Kalimator


Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)


Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family            : Fabacaeae
Genus : Vicia
Species: V.faba




Botanical Description of Faba Bean


Habit: An erect, glabrous, robust annual herb

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Stem stout, hollow, square winged angle

Leaf: Pinnately compound

Inflorescence: Short axillary raceme

Flower: Papilionaceous, hermaphrodite

Calyx: campanulate, oblique, teeth triangular

Corolla: Standard, wing and keel; standard is whitish in color, wings often with purplish blotch, keel oblique.

Androecium: Stamens 10, diadephous i.e. 9+1

Gynoecium: Carpel 1, ovary superior

Fruit: Legume

Economic Importance: The seeds are used as food for human being. The plant is used as hay and fodder.

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