Consereved name of the family: Palmae

Popular name: The Palm Family

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom         : Plantae

Division           :Magnoliophyta

Class                :Liliopsida

Subclass          :Arecidae

Order               :Arecales

Family             :Arecaceae

Distinguishing characters of the family

  • Generally tree, unbranched
  • Inflorescence is compound spadix
  • Flower monoecious or dioecious, actinomorphic
  • Perianth free and persistent

About 225 genera and 2600 specieses are found in this family located mainly tropical and sub-tropical areas in the world.


Table 1: Economic Important Crops of this Family

English nameBangla nameBotanical nameEconomic importance
CoconutNarikelCocos nuciferaEdible oil, cosmetics
Beetle nutShupariAreca catechuFruit is used with beetle leaf


Date palmKhejurPhoenix sylvestrisFruit


Edible date palmKhejurPhoenix dactyliferaFruit


Oil palmOil palmElaeis guineensis


Edible oil, cosmetics
Asian palmyra palmTaalBorassus flavelliferSugar, fruit


Nipa palmNot knownNipa fruticansHousehold materials for shelter
Sago palmNot knownMetroxylon saguOrnamental plant

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