Consereved name of the family: Palmae

Popular name: The Palm Family

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom         : Plantae

Division           :Magnoliophyta

Class                :Liliopsida

Subclass          :Arecidae

Order               :Arecales

Family             :Arecaceae

Distinguishing characters of the family

  • Generally tree, unbranched
  • Inflorescence is compound spadix
  • Flower monoecious or dioecious, actinomorphic
  • Perianth free and persistent

About 225 genera and 2600 specieses are found in this family located mainly tropical and sub-tropical areas in the world.


Table 1: Economic Important Crops of this Family

English name Bangla name Botanical name Economic importance
Coconut Narikel Cocos nucifera Edible oil, cosmetics
Beetle nut Shupari Areca catechu Fruit is used with beetle leaf


Date palm Khejur Phoenix sylvestris Fruit


Edible date palm Khejur Phoenix dactylifera Fruit


Oil palm Oil palm Elaeis guineensis


Edible oil, cosmetics
Asian palmyra palm Taal Borassus flavellifer Sugar, fruit


Nipa palm Not known Nipa fruticans Household materials for shelter
Sago palm Not known Metroxylon sagu Ornamental plant

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