Family: Myrtaceae

Family:  Myrtaceae

Popular name: The Myrtal Family

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass Rosidae
Order Myrtales
Family Myrtaceae

Botanical Description of the Family

Habit: Shrubs or small to large tree

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Stem cylindrical, bark is smoothed or may be rough, white, grey black in color, stem is branched

Leaf: Simple, generally opposite, rarely alternate phyllotaxy. Leaf is petiolated, margin entire

Inflorescence: Axillary or terminal, flower some time solitary

Flower: hermaphrodite, actinomorphic

Calyx: Calyx tube campanulate or urceolate, rarely subglobose, persistent

Corolla: Petal 4 or 5, rarely 6, usually free

Androecium: Stamens many, epigynous, filaments free

Gynoecium: Ovary inferior, 2-5 celled or bundle

Fruit: Fleshy berry

Table 1. Economically Important Plants of this Family

Serial Number Local name English name Scientific name Usefulness
1 Bottle brush Red bottle brush Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels Ornamental
2 Eucalyptus Timor white gum Eucalyptus alba Ornamental
3 Tock piyara Sour guava Psidium araca Fruit
4 Chinese Piyara Not known Psidium chinense Fruit
5 Piyara, Sabri aam Guava Psidium guajava Fruit
6 Jambo Water apple Syzygium aqueum Fruit
7 Buti-jam Not known Syzygium balsameum Fruit
8 Lamba nali jam Grey satinash Syzygium claviflorum Fruit
9 Khudijam Not known Syzygium cymosum Fruit
10 Paniya jam Not known Syzygium formosum Fruit


11 Gulab jam Rose apple Syzygium jambos Fruit
12 Jamrul Malaya rose apple Syzygium jambos Fruit
13 Jamrul Wax jambu, Java apple Syzygium samarangense Fruit



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