Family: Rutaceae

Family: Rutaceae

Popular name: The orange family/Rue family

Taxonomic Position (According to Cronquist)

Kingdom        : Plantae

Division          : Magnoliophyta

Class               : Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order              : Sapindales

Family             : Rutaceae

Identifying characters of the family

  1. Plants predominantly tree or shrub
  2. Leaves are exsitpulated with winged petiole and gland dotted
  3. Flowers bisexual, regular with a large honey disc present below the ovar
  4. Fruits are hesperidium
  5. Polyembryony is a common feature

Origin and Distribution

The family is widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions having 120 genera and about 1200 species.

 Table Economic Important Plants of this Family

Serial NumberEnglish nameBangla nameScientific nameEconomic Importance
1Mandarin orangeKamalaCitrus reticulataDessert fruit
2Sweet orangeMultaC. sinensisDessert fruit
3LimeKaggi lebuC. aurantifoliaAppetizer
4PomeloJamburaC. grandisDessert fruit
5LemonPati labuC. limon (L.) Burm.f.Appetizer
6AmanatsuNot knownC. natsudaidaiDessert fruit
7Balady citron
Israel citron
Not knownC. medicaDessert fruit
8Bergamot orangeNot knownC. bergamiaDessert fruit
9Grape fruitNot knownCitrus × paradisiDessert fruit
10Sour orangeNot knownCitrus × aurantiumDessert fruit
11Blood orangeNot knownCitrus × sinensisDessert fruit
12ClementineNot knownCitrus reticulataDessert fruit
13Wood appleBelAegle marmelosDessert fruit
14RutaRutaRuta graveolensDessert fruit


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