Scientific name: Pisum sativum L.
Bangla/local name: ‘Matarsuti’
Taxonomic position according to Cronquist (1981)
Kingdom : Plantae
Division : Magnoliophyta
Subclass : Rosidae
Order : Fabales
Family : Fabacaeae
Genus : Pisum
Species : P. sativum
Origin and Distribution
At present peas are grown worldwide, but because of sensitivity to extremes in weather, they are largely confined to temperate regions and to the higher altitudes or cooler seasons of warmer regions.
Botanical description of Garden Pea
Habit: A short-lived, climbing, annual cultivated herb
Root: The root system consists of a tap root and laterals having root nodule containing N2-fixing bacteria Rhizobium
Stem: The weak stem is mostly hollow and semi-vining, smooth, glaucous
Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, with terminal branched tendril, leaflet 2-8, ovate or elliptic
Inflorescence: Axillary, solitary or two to three flowered racemes, bract very small
Calyx: Sepal 5, gamosepalous, campanulate, calyx lobes un-equal, aestivation imbricate.
Corolla: Petal 5, one standard, two wing and two keel, aestivation vexillary.
Androecium: Stamen 10, diadelphous (9+1), anther bilubed, basifixed.
Gynoecium: Carpel one, ovary superior, placentation marginal,
Fruit: Legume (a pod)
Economic Importance: Fresh green seeds are cooked and eaten as vegetable. Ripe dried seeds are used as human food. The plants and haulms are used for forage, hay, silage and green manure Seed oil has sterility and anti-sex hormonic effects, produces sterility in women and antagonises effect of male sex hormone The seed is cooling, fattening, laxative, and purifies blood.
Table 1. Garden pea variety developed by BSMRAU, Salna, Gazipur, Bangladesh
|1||IPSA motorshuti 1
|Released in 1998||Short duration, seed remain green after maturity|
|2||IPSA motorshuti 2
|Released in 1998||Short duration, bold seeded|
|3||IPSA motorshuti 3
|Released in 1998||Short duration, high yielding|