Golden Apple

Golden Apple/ Hog Palm

Scientific name: Spondias dulcis Parkinson

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliphyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Species:S. dulcis

Two types of hogplum are found in Bangladesh

  1. Hogplum
  2. Golden apple

Botanical Description of Golden Apple

Habit: Perennial tree

K1600_IMG_4657 (2)

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Small to large tree

K1600_amra stam (3)1

Fig. Transverse section of stem

Leaf: Simple

K1600_amra leaf (12)1

Fig. Transverse section of leaf

Inflorescence: Terminal panicle


Flower: poliycarpic, small, inconspicuous

Fruit: Simple, drupe, fleshy



Economic Importance

  • Mainly used as edible fruit
  • The ripe fruits are eaten out-of-hand, made into chutney or fruit juice.
  • Green fruits are made into pickles and are used to season various foods

Table 1. Hog palm varieties developed by BARI, Joydebpur and BAU, Mymensingh

Sl. No.Name of VarietyDeveloped byYear of ReleasePlanting timeYield (t/ha)
1BARI  Amra-1HRC, BARI2003June-September15-17
2BARI  Amra-2HRC, BARI2007August-September16-18
3FTIP-BAU Amra-1

GPC, BAU2010May-August3-13




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