English name: Barbados nut

Scientific name: Jatropha curcas L.

Bangla name: ‘Baghverenda’



Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)


Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyte
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Malpighiales
Family Euphorbiaceae
Genus Jatropha
Species J. curcas

Botanical Description of Jatropha

Habit: A glabrous, soft-wooded shrub or small tree.


Root: Tap root system

Stem:  Stem glabrous, up to 6 m tall, fleshy

Leaf: Simple, petiolate, blade cordate



Plants are monoecious or dioecious

Flower: Small, sepal generally 3-5, petal usually absent


Androecium: Stamen 8, free

Gynoecium: Ovary superior, 3-4 chambered

Fruit: A capsule.


Chromosome number: 2n=44

Economic Importance: The oil from this plant is mainly converted into biodiesel for use in diesel engines. The cake can be used for fish or animal feed (if detoxified), biomass feedstock to power electricity plants, or as bio-gas or high-quality organic fertilizer. The leaves and fruits are used as medicinal purposes.

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