Scientific name: Lens culinaris Medik.

Bangla/Local Name: মসুর (‘Mashur’)

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class :Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order  : Fabales
Family: Fabacaeae
Genus: Lens
Species: L. culinaris


Botanical Description of Lentil

Habit: Annual herb

Root: Tap root system


Lentil root

Figure: Root Anatomy of Lentil

Stem: Erect or sub-erect, slender, square cover with hairs

Lentil stem

Figure: Stem Anatomy of Lentil

Leaf: Pinnate with four to eight pairs of leaf-let and usually ending in a tendril. Leaflets are obovate to lanceolate and arranged in a opposite to alternate

Flower: White, pink to bluish color and borne in axillary racemes up to four flowers together

Fruit: Fruit is small, flattened pod and containing 1 or two seed

Economic Importance: Lentil is very nutritious. The husk, bran and dry haulms are good fodder. The young pod is used as vegetable. The leaves are acrid and bitter. Seeds are sweet and cooling, astringent to bowel, diuretic, improves appetite, removes cough and biliousness. Dry seeds contain 24% protein and 59% carbohydrate.

Leguminosae (9)IMG_7580


Economic Importance

  • Used as vegetable
  • Used as soup
  • The hay is widely used as fodder

Table 1. The lentil varieties released by Pulse Research Center, BARI and Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA) Bangladesh 


 Sl. No.Name of VarietyDeveloped byYear of releaseGrowing seasonAverage yield
1BARI Masur -1Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna1991Rabi1700 kg ha-1
2BARI Masur -2Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna1993Rabi1850 kg ha-1
3BARI Masur -3Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna1996Rabi1950 kg ha-1
4BARI Masur -4Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna1996Rabi2000 kg ha-1
5BARI Masur -5Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna2006Rabi2200 kg ha-1
6BARI Masur -6Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna2006Rabi2500 kg ha-1
7BARI Masur -7Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna2011Rabi1600-2200 kg
8BARI Masur -8Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna2015Rabi2200-2300 kg ha-1
9BARI Masur -9Pulse Research Centre, Ishurdi, Pabna2018Rabi
10Binamashur-1BINA, Mymensingh2001Rabi1800 kg ha-1
11Binamashur-2BINA, Mymensingh2005Rabi2000 kg ha-1
12Binamashur-3BINA, Mymensingh2005Rabi2000 kg ha-1
13Binamashur-4BINA, Mymensingh2009Rabi1800 kg ha-1
14Binamashur-5BINA, Mymensingh2011Rabi2200 kg ha-1
15Binamashur-6BINA, Mymensingh2011Rabi2000 kg ha-1


Binamashur-7BINA, Mymensingh2013Rabi2400 kg ha-1


Binamashur-8BINA, Mymensingh2014Rabi2200-2400 kg ha-1


Binamashur-9BINA, Mymensingh2014Rabi2300 kg ha-1


Binamashur-10BINA, Mymensingh2016Rabi1900 kg ha-1