Mung Bean

English name: Mung bean, Green gram, Golden gram

Bangla/local name: মুগ ডাল (‘Moog), সোনা ‍মুগ  (Sunamoog)’

Scientific name: Vigna radiate(L.) Wilezek

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom         : Plantae
Division           : Magnoliophyta
Class                :Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order               : Fabales
Family             : Fabacaeae

Genus              : Vigna

Species            : V. radiata

Chromosome number: 2n=22,24

Botanical Description of Mung bean

Habit: cultivated annual herb

Root: Tap root system, the root contain nodule having the N2-fixing bacteria Rhizobium spp.

Stem: Erect to sub-erect, highly branching and hairy

Leaf: compound, trifoliate

Inflorescence: raceme

Flower: zygomorphic, complete, papilionaceous

Calyx: Sepal 5, gamosepalous

Corolla: petal 5, divided into standard, wing and keel; aestivation vexilary.

Androecium: stamen 10 (9+1) diadelphous

Gynoecium:carpel one, style spirally twisted, ovary superior, placentation marginal.

Fruit: Pod with densely trichomed

Germinated seeds

Leguminosae (11)

Economic Importance

It is one of the most highly prized pulses which is boiled and eaten whole or after splitting into soup (dal). It is ground and mixed with wheat or rice powder to make bread. The green pod is used as vegetable. The plant is used as green manure and cover crop. The hulls and straw are used as fodder .The seeds are aphrodisiac, tonic, appetiser, diuretic, good for heart and fatigue and used in paralysis, rheumatism and affections of nervous system. One hundred gram dry mungbean contains: protein 22 g and carbohydrate 60 g. It is a good source of minerals, provitamin A and vitamin B-complex.


Table 1. Mung bean varieties developed by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) and Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Banglades

Serial NumberName of the varietyDeveloped byGrowing season Yield(kg ha-1)
1BARI Mung-1Pulse Research Centre, BARIKharif-1 and Kharif-2900-1000
2BARI Mung-2Pulse Research Centre, BARIKharif-1 and Kharif-21000-1200
3BARI Mung-3Pulse Research Centre, BARIKharif-1 and Kharif-21200-1300
4BARI Mung-4Pulse Research Centre, BARIKharif-1 and Kharif-21200-1400
5BARI Mung-5Pulse Research Centre, BARIKharif-1 and Kharif-21600-1700
6BARI Mung-6Pulse Research Centre, BARIKharif-1 and Kharif-21800
7BARI Mung-7Pulse Research Centre, BARIKharif-1 and Kharif-22000-2200


8BARI Mung-8Pulse Research Centre, BARIKharif-1 and Kharif-21600-1700


9Binamoog-1Crop Physiology Division, BINAKharif-2900-1000
10Binamoog-2Crop Physiology Division, BINAKharif-11100
11Binamoog-3Crop Physiology Division, BINAKharif-21000
12Binamoog-4Crop Physiology Division, BINAKharif-21750
13Binamoog-5Crop Physiology Division, BINAKharif-11400
14Binamoog-6Crop Physiology Division, BINAKharif-11500
15Binamoog-7Crop Physiology Division, BINAKharif-11800
16Binamoog-8Crop Physiology Division, BINAKharif-11800


Binamoog-9Plant Breeding Division, BINAKharif-11800

Table3. Mungbean variety developed by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur, Bangladesh

Sl. No.Name of varietyReleased byYearYield

(kg ha-1)

1BU mug1Department of Agronomy20001400-1600
2BU mug2Department of Agronomy20011500-1700
3BU mug3Department of Agronomy20031000-1500
4BU mug4Department of Agronomy20061800-2000
5BU mug5Department of Agronomy20151500-1800
6BU mug6Department of Agronomy20182000-2300


  • Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh
  • The Plant List
  • Flora and Fauna Web
  • BSMRAU Technology Handbook (বশেমুরকৃবি প্রযুক্তি বই)