Field Mustard

Field Mustard

English name: Field Mustard, Rape seed

Scientific name: Brassica rapa L.

Synoname      : B. napus, B. campestris                    

Local name: Magi, Tori, Sarisha

Chromosome number: 2n=20



Taxonomic position of mustard According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order: Capparales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species: campestris

Botanical Description of Brassica campestris

Habit: Annual or biennial herb

Root: Tap root system, roots are slender

Stem: Erect, branched, glabrous

Leaf: Simple, alternate, the shape of leaf is lanceolate, the lower leaves are deeply lobed, bluish-green and glaucous. Rosette of leaves at young stage.

Inflorescence: panicle

Flower: Complete, pedicillate, the flowers have pale yellow to bright yellow petals.

Calyx: Sepal oblong

Corolla: Petal 4, cruciform

Androecium: Stamen 6, tetradynamous (4 larger and 2 smaller)

Gynoecium: Ovary cylindrical, superior, stigma capitate

Fruit: Siliqua generally 5-11 cm long, which contains 20-40 seeds (Elzebroke and Wind,2008)

Chromosome number: 2n=20

Table 1. Field mustard (Brassica campestris) varieties developed by Oil Seeds Research Centre (ORC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Bangladesh; Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Mymensingh, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh


Serial NumberName of variety Developed byYear of releaseGrowing seasonAverage yield

(kg ha-1)

1Tori – 7ORC, BARI1976Rabi2000-2100
2Sonali sarisha (SS75)ORC, BARI1979Rabi1800-2000
3Kalynia (TS-72)ORC, BARI1979Rabi1450-1650
5BARI Sarisha-6ORC, BARI1994Rabi1900-2200
8BARI Sarisha-9ORC, BARI2000Rabi1250-1450
11BARI Sarisha-12ORC, BARI2002Rabi1450-1650
13BARI Sarisha-14ORC, BARI2006Rabi
14BARI Sarisha-15ORC, BARI2006Rabi1400-1600
16BARI Sarisha-17ORC, BARI2014Rabi1700-1800
 17 Safol BINA 1991 Rabi1700
 18 Agroni BINA 1991 Rabi 1750
 19 Binasarisha 6 BINA 2002 Rabi 1500
 20 Binasarisha 10 BINA 2013 Rabi 1800