Nymphaeaceae

Family: Nymphaeaceae

Popular name: The water-lily Family

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Nyphaeales
Family Nymphaeaceae

Botanical Description

The family consists 3 genera and 76 species

Habit: Aquatic rhizomatous herbs

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Modified into rhizome

Leaf: Alternate, floating, submerged or emerged, petiolated

Inflorescence: Axillary and solitary

Flower: bisexual, actinomorphic

Calyx: Sepal 3 to many

Corolla: Petal numerous

Gynoecium: Pistil numerous, having one carpel

Fruit: A spongy berry

 

Table 1 Economical Important Plants of this Family

Serial Number Local/Bangla name English name Scientific name Usefulness
1 Bilati Shapla European white waterlily Nymphaea alba Ornamental
2 Shapla, shaluk Water lily/white water lily Nymphaea pubescens Ornamental
3 Lal shapla Red water lily Nymphaea rubra Ornamental
4 Amazan lily Amazan waterlily Victoria amazonica Ornamental

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