Scientific name: Raphanus sativus L.

Local/Bangla name: ‘Mula’


Taxonomic position (according to Cronquist, 1981)

Species:: sativus



Botanical Description of Radish

The radish is a root vegetable which is domesticated in Europe which is grown throughout the world. It is mainly eaten as raw as salad and curry. It has numerous varieties varying in size color and duration to take maturity.

Habit: Annual herb


Root: Tap root, napiform, fleshy and enlarged by storage tissue

Stem: short, elongated at flowering

Inflorescence: terminal panicle

Flower: Complete, actinomorphic, cruciform

Calyx: Sepa 4 polysepalous

Corolla:Petal 4 cross form

Gynoecium: Carpel two syncarpous

Fruit: Siliqua

Brassicaceae Family (8)

Table: Radish varieties developed by Horticultural Research Centre (HRC), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural (BSMRAU), Gazipur, Bangladesh

Serial NumberName of variety Developed byGrowing seasonAverage yield

(ton ha-1)

1BARI Mula-1HRC, BARIRabi75
2BARI Mula-2HRC, BARIRabi60
3BARI Mula-3HRC, BARIRabi55
4BARI Mula-4HRC, BARIRabi65-70
5BU Mula-1BSMRAURabi35-40
6BU Hybrid Mula-1BSMRAURabi55
7BU Mula-2BSMRAURabi50-60
8BU Mula-3BSMRAURabi50-60

Economic Importance: Radish is important both economically and medicinally. Leaves and roots are cooked and taken as vegetable. Roots are used in urinary complaints and piles. Seeds are expectorant, diuretic, laxative, tonic and are administered for treatment of spleen and paralysis.