Scientific name: Carthamus tinctorius L.

Bangla/local name: ‘Kushum Fool’







Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom        : Plantae

Division          : Magnoliophyta

Class               : Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Asteridae

Order              : Asterales

Family             : Asterceae

Genus               :Carthamus

Species             :C. tinctorius

Botanical Description of Safflower

Habit: Annual herb, pubescent



Root: Usually tap roots.

Stem: Erect or prostate, rarely climbing, sometime woody

Leaf: Simple some time compound

Flower: Inflorescence head or capitulate

Involucre bract: The head or capitulum are surrounded by a whorl of bracts called the involecre thus producing a flower cluster resembling a single flower.

Fruit: Cypsela



Chromosome: 2n=24

Economic Importance: Edible oil, used as cosmetic, varnish and paint also.


Table 1. Safflower variety developed  by  Oil Seed Research Center,  BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh


Serial No.Name of VarietyReleased byPlanting seasonYield
1BARI Saf-1BARIRabi1.10-1.20




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